November 2015

 Akhir Bulan November ini di Paris akan di adakan Konferensi sedunia tentang alam, dan Pemerintah Indonesia ikut hadir dalam acara tersebut. Pagi tadi kami mencoba mengajak masyarakat untuk ikut aksi menyuarakan agar Pemerintah pergi kesana bukan lagi untuk MENJUAL  negara kita ke investor asing atau apa pun itu.

Walhi Jambi mencoba membuat aksi sederhana "Satu Foto Satu Suara" yang kami lakukan cukup banyak menarik perhatian, walau memang ada beberapa masyarakat yang tidak mau dikarenakan kurangnya pemahaman tentang apa itu Global Day Of Action.

Global Day Of Action sebenarnya adalah momen yang pas untuk kita menyuarakan tentang kerusakan lingkungan yang terjadi saat ini, karena aksi ini dilakukan serentak hampir di seluruh penjuru dunia. Kerusakan-kerusakan lingkungan yang mempengaruhi iklim saat ini jika kita lebih mengetahuinya sudah sangat memprihatikan. Indonesia adalah salah satu negara yang memiliki banyak sumber daya alam, namun saat ini banyak yang mengolah ataupun mengambil sumber daya alam kita ini berasal dari investor maupun perusahaan asing. Kami berharap Pemerintah bisa lebih bijak lagi dalam mengambil keputusan jika menyangkut tentang alam dan menindak tegas perusahaan-perusahaan yang memberikan dampak negatif kepada rakyat Indonesia.

WALHI JAMBI-PARIS,Kelompok masyarakat sipil menilai pemerintah Indonesia akan menghadapi dua isu penting dalam Konvensi PBB tentang Perubahan Iklim (COP) UNFCCC ke-21 di Paris, Prancis. Isu pertama adalah pengelolaan hutan gambut pascakebakaran yang menimbulkan emisi. Kedua, tentang rencana pemenuhan kebutuhan energi yang bersumber dari batu bara.

"Pemerintah Indonesia akan mendapat sorotan karena kebakaran hutan dan lahan yang melepas emisi tinggi," kata Direktur Walhi Sumatera Selatan, Hadi Jatmiko di Paris, Perancis, Ahad (29/11). 

Ia mengatakan kelompok masyarakat sipil juga terus menyuarakan tentang respon pemerintah terhadap peningkatan emisi dan deforestasi akibat kebakaran hutan dan gambut. Pemerintah, menurut Hadi, seharusnya meningkatkan akses terhadap wilayah kelola rakyat yang terbukti bisa menjadi contoh untuk mitigasi perubahan iklim.

Termasuk dalam pengelolaan lahan gambut, menurut dia, masyarakat di Kalimantan dan Sumatera memiliki kearifan lokal sehingga tidak pernah menimbulkan kebakaran besar yang meracuni udara.

"Penguasaan lahan dan hutan di Sumatera Selatan yang masif oleh koorporasi menjadi penyebab utama kebakaran lahan gambut di sana," katanya.

Selain itu, Walhi juga mendesak pemerintah agar menghentikan pengembangan tambang batu bara dan pembangkit listrik tenaga uap dari batu bara sebagai konteks penting mitigasi perubahan iklim.

Direktur Walhi Jambi Musri Nauli menambahkan bahwa langkah pemerintah menggunakan batu bara untuk energi sangat tidak populis.

"Negara-negara di dunia sudah berlomba-lomba meninggalkan batu bara dan beralih ke energi terbarukan, mengapa kita sangat terbelakang, bahkan kuno," katanya.

Seperti diketahui, pemerintah berencana membangun pembangkit listrik menggunakan uap batu bara hingga menghasilkan energi listrik sebesar 20 ribu megawatt.

In the countdown to the UN climate conference in Paris we're paying tribute to the people who are dying on the frontline of the battle to save our planet.

As world leaders gather for the UN climate conference in Paris, Global Witness is profiling ten activists slain this last year on our environmental frontiers. The victims were all ordinary people who took a stand against the damage wrought by industries like logging, mining, agribusiness and hydropower. Their murders took place in the top ten most dangerous countries to be an environmental defender. 


Rigoberto Lima defender GuatemalaOn 18th September 2015, Rigoberto Lima Choc was shot dead in broad daylight opposite the courthouse in Sayaxché, Guatemala. On the same day, three other activists  - Hermelindo Asij, Lorenzo Pérez and Manuel Mendoza - were
kidnapped afterallegedly receiving threats that they would be burned alive.
Lima Choc and his colleagues were the first to document the catastrophic environmental destruction caused by palm oil company REPSA in the Río de la Pasión. Water pollution said to have been caused by pesticides left thousands of fish dead and affected over 12,000 people, leading the Ministry of the Environment and Natural Resources to describe the incident as "ecocide...the most serious environmental problem of its kind in national territory in living memory.”
Lima Choc spearheaded the fight against REPSA, first presenting a formal complaint to the authorities, then appearing as a witness in a case against the palm oil company, which led to a temporary suspension of its activities. "We want this impunity to end", Lima Choc said at a press conference in Guatemala City, “we’re going to continue to struggle for the formal complaints we have already filed, and continue to file formal complaints until we see where it takes us.”
REPSA have rejected accusations that they caused the water pollution in the Río de la Pasión and have also categorically rejected any link between the company and the killing of Rigoberto Lima Choc.
We want this impunity to end.- Activist Rigoberto Lima Choc at a press conference, three months before he was murdered.


philippines murders defenders COP
On 1st September 2015, three activists from the Lumad indigenous community in the Philippines were murdered – allegedly by Magahat-Bagani Forces, a notorious paramilitary group. After torching the village workshop, the militia warned the community that if they did not leave the area they would all be massacred.
As villagers fled to a nearby village, Emerito Samarca was ordered to stay behind. His body was found the next day at the school he taught at, with stab wounds and his arms and legs bound.
Dionel Campus and his cousin Bello Sinzo were assassinated on the same night by the Maghat-Bagani, who peppered them with bullets in front of their neighbours. Campus was the chairperson of the indigenous group Mapasu, which campaigned against the encroachment of large-scale mining and logging onto indigenous land and other human rights violations against the Lumad people.
This triple-murder is part of a worrying trend of Filipino indigenous activists being targeted for their opposition to the country's mining industry – a sector that operates with very little transparency and regularly fails to consult local communities.


Luis de Reyes Marcía defender hondurasLuis Marcía Ventura was the fourth activist to be killed in a spate of murders in a small indigenous community in Locomapa, Northern Honduras. Since 2009, the indigenous Tolupán group has been campaigning against the illegal mining and logging which has devastated their communal forests. Following three murders in 2013 and a succession of death threats, many community members went into hiding.  
Luis Marcía Ventura was killed just days after he had informed the police of continuing death threats against his family. Two months after his death, another Tolupán leader was killed, Erasio Vieda Ponce, allegedly by the same hitmen who have outstanding arrest warrants for the 2013 killings. These suspects are still at large in the community and continue to threaten those who dare take a stand.
Global Witness drew attention to the plight of the Locomapa community in its April 2015 exposé How Many More?, which found Honduras to be the world’s most dangerous country per capita to be a land defender, with at least 101 people killed between 2010 and 2014.
Honduran indigenous peoples are being gunned down for simply defending their rights to their own land.- Bill Kyte, campaigner with Global Witness.


Indra Pelani
22 year-old Indra Pelani was killed on 22nd February 2015 in central Sumatra, Indonesia. Pelani, a farmer from Lubuk Mandarsah village, was an activist who had vocally opposed a spate of land grabs that had left farmers landless.
Pelani was travelling to a rice harvest festival with friend Nick Karim when they were stopped by security guards contracted by a plantation company owned by forestry giant Asia Pulp & Paper (APP). As an altercation with the guards turned violent, Karim fled, seeking help. By the time he returned, Pelani was gone. 
Pelani's body was found the next day in a nearby swamp, his hands and feet bound and his mouth gagged. APP owns over 2.4 million hectares of plantations in Indonesia, and is facing 500 land claims from villages that are still unresolved. In a statement, APP pledged assistance to the investigation into the death of Indra Pelani, saying that it has “required PT Wira Karya Sakti to suspend all of the personnel alleged to be involved in the incident including security officers, the commander of the District Eight security team and the head of security at contractor PT MCP.”


Chai Bunthonglek Defenders
On 11th February 2015, Thai land rights defender Chai Bunthonglek was gunned down in his home. The unidentified gunman shot Chai six times in the head and chest, before escaping on a motorcycle.
Chai was a veteran activist campaigning to reclaim community land from a palm oil company that continues to occupy villagers’ land despite owning a land lease that expired 15 years ago. Chai's murder makes him the fourth activist from his community killed in the last five years. Not one murderer has been brought to justice. Neither local nor national authorities offered any protection to Chai or his colleagues at the Southern Peasants’ Federation of Thailand despite the very real risk of a deadly attack. According to Global Witness research, since 2001 22 environmental defenders have been killed in Thailand.
Without the forest, we are not the Ka'apor...this is why we must defend it.- Ka'apor community leader.


Eusebio Ka'apor defender BrazilOn 26th April 2015 two hooded men on a motorbike ambushed indigenous health worker Eusébio Ka’apor, fatally shooting him in the back. The Ka'apor community believe that the assassins were timber traffickers because shortly after Eusébio’s death his son was warned by a logger that more people could die too.
The Ka'apor are an indigenous community who live in the Alto Turiaçu indigenous reserve in Brazil’s Amazon rainforest, in an area which has been ravaged by illegal loggers over three decades. Violence against the community has ramped up over the past year after they shut down major logging tracks.
As one Ka'apor leader told Survival International, “there have been constant death threats against us for a long time. Now they are even killing to intimidate us. They say it’s better that we surrender our wood than more people die. We don’t know what to do, because we have no protection. The state does nothing.”


Fernando Salazar Calvo colombia defenderOn 7th April 2015 Fernando Salazar Calvo was found dead, hours after a meeting on mining in central Colombia. Calvo was an active member of the Embera Chamí indigenous group, which has been conducting small-scale mining on their land for hundreds of years. In the months before Calvo's murder, his colleagues had received threats telling them to cease indigenous mining in the area. Illegal mining companies and armed groups operate in the region looking to exploit indigenous-controlled gold reserves. As it stands, no one has been arrested for Salazar Calvo's murder.

According to Global Witness research, at least 90 activists have been killed in Colombia since 2009, mostly over the control and use of land.


las bambas protests original
On 29th September 2014, four people were shot dead and 17 wounded by police in a protest against a $7.4bn Chinese-owned copper mine in Las Bambas in the Peruvian Andes. Police opened fire on a crowd of 2000 highland farmers who were protesting against failures to consult them on building a copper processing plant less than three miles from the mine's open pits. It was also reported that ambulances couldn't reach the local clinic following the attack because police shot at a doctors’ vehicle. These deaths came less than 5 months after construction worker Henry Checlla was killed by police while protesting against the $1.4bn Tia Maria copper mine in the southern Arequipa region. Local residents have opposed the mining project since 2009, claiming it would pollute their water and destroy local agriculture.


Juan Francisco Martínez Honduras Defender
On 4th January 2015, Juan Francisco Martínez’s body was found with multiple stab wounds to the chest, his hands tied with the laces of military boots. Martínez was a prominent member of an indigenous Lenca organisation which has opposed the construction of a number of hydroelectric dams in central Honduras.
Martínez had taken a stand against the Los Encinos dam that is being built on Lenca land without proper consultation with the indigenous group. Colleagues of his had been kidnapped, received death threats and face fabricated criminal charges for opposing the dam, which is owned by the husband of Gladys Aurora López, Vice President of the Honduran Congress for the ruling Nationalist party. Spouses of public officials in Honduras are forbidden by law to profit from state concessions. Global Witness invited the dam company to comment on the apparent breach of Honduran law on politicians’ personal interests conflicting with public office but received no reply.
2014 saw a spike in deaths of environmental and land activists opposing hydropower dams, with 14 people killed. Many of the conflicts occur because hydropower projects are approved without consulting local people. 


25 years ago, the killing of environmental activist Chico Mendes drew international attention to the acute vulnerability of forest defenders in Brazil. Today, Brazil is one of the most dangerous countries to be an environmental activist. 
Raimundo dos Santos Rodrigues defender brazil
On 25th August 2015, two unidentified men shot dead Raimundo dos Santos Rodrigues as he returned home with his wife in Bom Jardim, Brazil. Rodrigues worked as an advisor to the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation and was well-known for denouncing illegal logging and land-grabbing in indigenous reserves. He had received numerous threats.
According to the Comissão Pastoral da Terra, in the first quarter of 2015 22 of 23 Brazilian deaths in land conflicts happened in the Amazon region.

Global Witness will be profiling an environmental defender a day in the ten days leading up to the UN climate conference in Paris. Please share these images from our Facebook and Twitter calling on governments to protect activists on the frontline of environmental defence.

Rudiansyah dari Walhi Jambi memberikan kata sambutan kepada peserta
WALHI- Jambi, Persoalan konflik atas tanah yang di hadapi komunitas di beberapa daerah belum mendapatkan rasa keadilan dan transparansi dalam penyelesaian konflik, begitu banyak perusahaan yang bergerak di bidangan sektor kehutanan, perkebunan dan tambang biasanya menggunakan kekerasan dalam menyelesaikan konflik. 

Kemarin pada tanggal 18 - 19 November 2015 Walhi Jambi mengadakan Pelatihan perhitungan harga pada pola kemitraan di HTI dan penerapan atau pengelolaan koperasi/kelembagaan.Pada program fasilitasi ini diberikan dukungan terhadap masyarakat korban HTI (APP) di 3 propinsi yaitu Riau, Jambi dan Sumatera Selatan, dengan wilayah dan komunitas yang sudah di tentukan di masing-masing wilayah dan di fasilitasi oleh Brian Orland, Dr. Forst. Bambang Irawan, SP, M.Sc (Dekan Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Jambi), dan Pundi Sumatera.

Suasana saat kegiatan berlangsung
Pada situasi sekarang banyak group-group perusahaan besar mengeluarkan komitmen untuk melakukan perbaikan pada rantai pasokan industri mereka, dari sekian banyak perusahaan tersebut salah satunya perusahaan Asia Pulp and Paper (APP) telah mengeluarkan komitmen yang dinamakan Forest Conservation Policy (FCP). 

Komitemen APP tersebut diluncurkan Pada tanggal 1 Februari 2013, APP meluncurkan kebijakan konsevasi hutan atau Forest Conservation Policy (FCP) yang memuat empat komitmen yaitu (1) mengembangkan area yang bukan merupakan lahan hutan berdasarkan nilai konsevasi tinggi (HCVF) dan stok karbon (HCS) (2) manajemen atau pengelolaan gambut (3) menghindari dan menyelesaikan konflik sosial, dan (4) memastikan dan mendukung prinsip manajemen hutan yang bertanggung jawab. 

Kebijakan FCP yang dikeluarkan oleh perusahaan APP tersebut bisa menjadi salah satu peluang untuk mendorong penyelesaian konflik yang ada di komunitas, karena konsesi-konsesi perusahaan APP tersebut berada di 5 Propinsi di Indonesia. Dalam situasi ini juga pihak perusahaan selalu mendorong komunitas untuk menyelesaikan konflik dengan tidak perna melihat kesiapan masyarakat dalam mendapatkan informasi dan pengetahuan terkait dengan Industri HTI tersebut. 

Brian Orland dari WWI saat menjelaskan dengan peserta
Organisasi masyarakat sipil baik di level lokal, nasional dan internasional selalu memberikan dukungan terhadap komunitas, dalam membantu kesiapan masyarakat untuk mefasilitasi penyelesaian konflik. Proses pendampingan terhadap masyarakat korban HTI perusahaan APP dilakukan mulai dari peningkatan kapasitas masyarakat dalam hal informasi soal HTI sampai bagai mana menyusun strategi dalam persiapan untuk penyelesaian konflik.

"Kegiatan ini penting dilakukan karena pada situasi sekarang banyak komunitas yang berkonflik dengan perusahaan HTI (APP) mengalami kesulitan soal informasi HTI, bahkan beberapa kebijakan di perusahaan dan pemerintah ada istilah kemitraan HTI antara masyarakat dengan perusahaan, pada hal masyarakat itu sendiri sangat terbatas pengetahuan dan informasi soal kemitraan, model kerjasama kemitraan juga harus beriringan dengan lembaga pengelolaan kemitraan seperti koperasi sebagai unit di masyarakat yang menjalankan kemitraan". terang Rudiansyah selaku penanggung jawab kegiatan. 

Foto Bersama diakhir kegiatan

Dari problem tersebut terlihat ada upaya pemaksaan pada masyarakat soal membangun kerjasama dalam pembangunan HTI dengan pola kemitraan yang dilakukan oleh perusahaan, karena ini terlihat dari beberapa temuan lapangan ada perjanjian yang dilakukan oleh pihak perusahaan terhadap masyarakat untuk kemitraan tidak ada penjelasan yang lengkap soal kemitraan tersebut, sehingga hasilnya banyak perjanjian kemitraan tidak teralisasi dengan baik dilapangan, ada juga perjanjian kemitraan hanya sebatas dokumen tertulis saja. 

Untuk itu pelatihan ini dilaksanakan untuk menjawab bagai mana sebenarnya cara penerapan kemitraan HTI / penghitungan ekonomi kemitraan HTI dan bagai mana mengelola koperasi yang baik kalau terjadi perjanjian pada pola kemitraan tersebut. 
"Hasil yang diharapkan adalah masyarakat dan pendamping mendapatkan pengetahuan terkait dengan penghitungan nilai ekonomi kemitraan pada HTI dan adanya penerapan yang dilakukan oleh masyarakat dalam mengelola koperasi yang baik, apa bila terjadi kemitraan HTI", ujar Rudiansyah.

WALHI Jambi - Pendidikan dan Latihan Dasar XX Mahasiswa Pecinta Alam Gema Cipta Persada Universitas Batanghari Jambi, yang dilaksanakan pada tanggal 13 - 15 November 2015 di Aula Universitas Batanghari Jambi. Pada hari ini Minggu tanggal 15 November 2015 Walhi Jambi diberikan kepercayaan untuk memberikan materi maupun pembelajaran tentang Advokasi kepada Peserta DIKLATSAR Mapala Gema Cipta Persada ( Gitasada).

Musri Nauli selaku Direktur Eksekutif Daerah Walhi Jambi, diberikan kepercayaan sebagai narasumber Advokasi di Pendidikan dan Latihan Dasar XX Mapala Gitasada Unbari Jambi. "Pembelajaran Advokasi ini harus 
diterangkan secara jelas dan detail, dimulai dari definisi Advokasi itu sendiri sampai pada tahapan-tahapan saat kita akan melakukan Advokasi ke lapangan, dan juga harus dijelaskan Advokasi yang efektif itu seperti apa, karena banyak sering terjadi dilapangan disaat Advokasi, tujuannya benar tapi caranya salah", Terang Musri Nauli selaku narasumber Advokasi pada Pelatihan DIKLATSAR Mapala Gema Cipta Persada (Gitasada).

 Danau Hijau Sarolangun Tercemar
Selasa (10/11) Wahana Lingkungan Hidup (Walhi) Jambi merilis bahwa bekas galian tambang di Desa Pulau Panjang tercemar.

Walhi memaparkan hasil pelatihan riset air pascatambang dengan
sampel di Sarolangun. Dari hasil uji petik di 5 tempat didapatkan hasil dengan suhu 32,2 derajat. PH atau tingkat keasaman 3,4 yang mana yang normal berada di antara 6 sampai 8,5.

Bagus dari Jatam (Jaringan Tambang) mengatakan bahwa ditemukan PH di wilayah konsesi PT SPC (Sarolangun Prima Cold) ini di bawah standar. (*)

Penulis: Jaka Hendra Baittri
Editor: nani
Sumber : Tribun Jambi

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